The Monza Cathedral, also known as the Duomo di Monza, is a masterpiece of Romanesque architecture located in the city of Monza in northern Italy. The cathedral is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, one of the patron saints of Monza. The building of the cathedral began in the late 13th century and it was completed in the early 14th century, making it one of the oldest Gothic buildings in Italy.
The exterior of the cathedral is adorned with stunning carvings and sculptures that depict scenes from the Bible. The façade of the building is covered with rose marble and is embellished with beautiful sculptures including Saint John the Baptist with his staff, the twelfth century statue of Saint Gerardo, and the Byzantine relief of Christ Pantocrator.
The interior of the Monza Cathedral is equally impressive and contains a wealth of stunning artistic and historical treasures. The cathedral houses a number of beautiful frescoes and paintings, including the famous Adoration of the Magi by the Italian artist Antonio da Monza. The painting portrays the three wise men paying tribute to the newborn Jesus and is a masterpiece of early Renaissance art.
The cathedral’s most famous treasure, however, is the Iron Crown of Lombardy. The Iron Crown is a historical and religious artifact that is said to contain a nail from the cross of Jesus Christ. The crown is made of gold and iron, is encrusted with precious stones, and is considered one of the most important symbols of the Lombard monarchy and the history of Italy.
In addition to the Iron Crown, the cathedral also houses a number of other important religious artifacts and relics. These include the “Theodelinda’s Table,” a 7th-century altar on which the Lombard queen Theodelinda had the Gospels placed, and a 14th-century clock which embodies the artistry and mechanics of the time.
Overall, the Monza Cathedral is a beautiful and historic masterpiece that stands as a testament to the artistic and architectural achievements of Italy. Its intricate carvings, stunning frescoes, and important religious artifacts make it a must-see destination for anyone interested in history, art, and culture.